Friday, May 22, 2020

Probability of a Large Straight in Yahtzee in One Roll

Yahtzee is a dice game that uses five standard six-sided dice. On each turn, players are given three rolls to obtain several different objectives. After each roll, a player may decide which of the dice (if any) are to be retained and which are to be rerolled. The objectives include a variety of different kinds of combinations, many of which are taken from poker. Every different kind of combination is worth a different amount of points. Two of the types of combinations that players must roll are called straights: a small straight and a large straight. Like poker straights, these combinations consist of sequential dice. Small straights employ four of the five dice and large straights use all five dice. Due to the randomness of the rolling of dice, probability can be used to analyze how likely it is to roll a large straight in a single roll. Assumptions We assume that the dice used are fair and independent of one another. Thus there is a uniform sample space consisting of all possible rolls of the five dice. Although Yahtzee allows three rolls, for simplicity we will only consider the case that we obtain a large straight in a single roll. Sample Space Since we are working with a uniform sample space, the calculation of our probability becomes a calculation of a couple of counting problems. The probability of a straight is the number of ways to roll a straight, divided by the number of outcomes in the sample space. It is very easy to count the number of outcomes in the sample space. We are rolling five dice and each of these dice can have one of six different outcomes. A basic application of the multiplication principle tells us that the sample space has 6 x 6 x 6 x 6 x 6 65 7776 outcomes. This number will be the denominator of all of the fractions that we use for our probabilities. Number of Straights Next, we need to know how many ways there are to roll a large straight. This is more difficult than calculating the size of the sample space. The reason why this is harder is because there is more subtlety in how we count. A large straight is harder to roll than a small straight, but it is easier to count the number of ways of rolling a large straight than the number of ways of rolling a small straight. This type of straight consists of five sequential numbers. Since there are only six different numbers on the dice, there are only two possible large straights: {1, 2, 3, 4, 5} and {2, 3, 4, 5, 6}. Now we determine the different number of ways to roll a particular set of dice that give us a straight. For a large straight with the dice {1, 2, 3, 4, 5} we can have the dice in any order. So the following are different ways of rolling the same straight: 1, 2, 3, 4, 55, 4, 3, 2, 11, 3, 5, 2, 4 It would be tedious to list all of the possible ways to get a 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. Since we only need to know how many ways there are to do this, we can use some basic counting techniques. We note that all that we are doing is permuting the five dice. There are 5! 120 ways of doing this. Since there are two combinations of dice to make a large straight and 120 ways to roll each of these, there are 2 x 120 240 ways to roll a large straight. Probability Now the probability of rolling a large straight is a simple division calculation. Since there are 240 ways to roll a large straight in a single roll and there are 7776 rolls of five dice possible, the probability of rolling a large straight is 240/7776, which is close to 1/32 and 3.1%. Of course, it is more likely than not that the first roll is not a straight. If this is the case, then we are allowed two more rolls making a straight much more likely. The probability of this is much more complicated to determine because of all of the possible situations that would need to be considered.

Friday, May 8, 2020

Analysis Of The Book Five Faces Of Oppression By...

Priscilla Afriyie Phi – 173 5/25/16 Final Paper Charles W. Mills states â€Å"Whiteness is not really a color at all, but a set of power relations.† (The Racial Contract 127). meaning that being white is not a color but rather it places a position where you have the power to set rules. Iris Marian Young discusses oppression brought on by racism having five faces that constructs a society and shapes an individual in the book â€Å"Five Faces of Oppression† While some might say it is a social construct, it does not exist and if it does it is only meant to encourages people of a lower class to work harder, racism is a form of discrimination and needs to be put to an end. Racism causes inequality and oppresses certain groups of people. It leads a belief that one’s own race is superior, creates a society where people do not trust or respect each other, and leaves them struggling to be a part of prosperous society. First racism causes inequality and oppresses certain groups of people. Inequality can be found as early as kindergarten, within our education system. Here in the United States, schools are partially funded by taxes collected from each neighborhood and given to the school within its zone. Therefore, if a school is in a rich neighborhood filled with affluent parents, they would have more money to spend on their kids’ education than a school in a poorer neighborhood. This is an unfair advantage giving kids in richer neighborhoods a leg up in education. More resources such as modernShow MoreRelatedAlternative Learning Systems9735 Words   |  39 Pagesconcepts of doing gender, interaction order, and emotion work to the prison classroom. Based on their analysis, the authors examine the challenges and opportunities for critical education in prison. They aimed to use their teaching efforts to reach out to marginalized students and develop students’ sociological imaginations t o assist them through the challenges of confinement and reentry. The authors’ analysis has implications for both prison education and higher education more broadly. They conclude thatRead MoreCRM 1301 Midterm uOttawa Carolyn Gordon Essay10218 Words   |  41 Pageshunt’ occurs any time a group of people persecutes another group unfairly, usually blaming that group for larger problems Modern day drug users/drug laws a ‘witch hunt’: Opium Act of 1908 (stricter drug laws) Emily Murphy’s The Black Candle-This book created a moral panic in society. Video Notes: The Burning Times After the roman times, women’s continued traditions of the old religion and were leaders, counsellors, visionaries and healers (a.k.a. wise women). The Christian Church and state brandedRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. 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Copyright  © 2011, 2007, 2005, 2002, 1998 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, OneRead MoreManagement Course: Mba−10 General Management215330 Words   |  862 PagesContemporary Management, Fourth Edition Jones−George Driving Shareholder Value Morin−Jarrell Leadership, Fifth Edition Hughes−Ginnett−Curphy The Art of M A: Merger/Acquisitions/Buyout Guide, Third Edition Reed−Lajoux and others . . . This book was printed on recycled paper. Management Copyright  ©2005 by The McGraw−Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States CopyrightRead MoreRastafarian79520 Words   |  319 Pagesterms agreed with the appropriate reprographics rights organization. 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In 1904 Ganot published an English, Ibo and French dictionary, based on the Onitsha dialect, and in 1907 Zappa published a French-Igbo dictionary based on a Western Igbo dialect. Northcote W. Thomas devoted four of the six volumes of his Anthropological report on the Ibo-speaking peoples of Nigeria to language, three of them being essentially lexicographic. Part II (1913) consists of an English-Ibo and Ibo-English dictionary, based on the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Tma B322 Free Essays

Question 1 A) Innovation is about finding new or better method of making something, a product or a service. Innovations are born due to several reasons . Peter Drucker has outlined seven sources of innovative chances or opportunities . We will write a custom essay sample on Tma B322 or any similar topic only for you Order Now I am going to identify them below. 1. Unexpected happenings, as a sudden event that can be a indication of a distinctive chance for innovating or entrepreneurship. 2. Incongruity, as the divergence between what everyone think of a thing and the reality of it , this difference can create an innovation. 3. Innovation born when a new process is needed is a chance to fill the gap and create something new. . Changes happened to the industry structure can be a possibility for an innovative product to pop out 5. Demographics change such as population size, employment level and income ranges. 6. Perception variation along with mood and meaning of general assumptions can form an innovation. 7. New knowledge acquired based on fresh advances in scientific and technological fields can produce new goods to the market. [Tetteh,2008] Gary was a risk taker, his innovations were the result of unexpected happenings that combined with his great mind generated new and interesting products. It is said that his first step of being innovative and risky was an end result after reading a newspaper ad about the availability of large quantities of powder soap. He evaluate the news as a great one since the countries was just getting out of a war state and people will find this product pretty attiring. This unexpected happening has made Gary a deal that created a tiny wealth of a 30,000$ at that time when he contacted the right people and informed them about his product and made the sale from scratch. Word count: 288? B) According to Schumpeter, innovation is the process of introducing new products in addition to techniques to the market. These products need to be new or radically improved. Schumpeter identified five types of possible innovation: 1. Producing new kinds of goods or modifying the of attributes of the existing ones. 2. Introducing new way of production which might be based on innovative technical and scientific findings. 3. opening new market 4. Using new resources and raw materials in the inputs. 5. new organization of production and industry . What Gary has done is finding products and making them more attractive by adding some options or features to them, what he said about his products is that there are normal products with a twist. This twist can be new look or design or new attributes added to them. We can see that Gary’s type of innovation is product innovation, which consists of changing a feature or a look of an available product. Furthermore, Gary as an adventurer has introduced new products from toys and other amusing stuff to the market. For example: the plastic farm of ants , the spud gun and the fly cake which have made great successes and rewards. For instance, he released balloons that were designed as giant animals , this change in the look of the balloons attracted people and made them buy them in huge quantities . Mixing his original ideas with the product that is presented have resulted in new product that is a real money maker. Word count: 251? Question 2 A) Gary as shown in the case is a very successful entrepreneur. He combined great traits of successful and honored men in the business world. Gary was a normal person who hasn’t a degree in business but what he has is the idea and the initiative to take this idea to the last level and making it worthwhile. He has marketing skills, he knew what attract customers and also he knew how to convince people to buy his products that were not ordinary products, but with his skills and creativity he changed the actual product and made it more appealing in the addition of the fun part for ex: animal look balloons and plastic ant farm. Gary forever looked for high accomplishments and wanted to achieve his dream to be a millionaire from the beginning and he reached his goal. [Davison,2008] Being an ambitious person who is to a great extent motivated towards success, knew how stay focused and identify the opportunity when he sees it as he did when reading the soap powder availability in the market and took risk to make his first great sale, that showed how clever he was by perceiving this opportunity and evaluating it to decide that it will be a great offer for people after the war. Having the mental ability to think in an intelligent and creative way for doing all kinds of business while keeping his eyes on the objective and not losing the energy however remaining persistent to take risks and new challenges by introducing high number of innovative products to the market without fear of failure are the reason behind the enormous success of this inspirational entrepreneur. Word count: 276 ? B) An entrepreneur is a person who has the potential to do something different. Being an entrepreneur is about having the right skills and the right idea along with the right experience and in the end being able to generate a totally unique innovation Gary as an entrepreneur is a risk taking individual who enjoys taking the chances and entering uncertain situations to do business. Many characteristics that he owned helped him be the entrepreneur he is now. The many experiences he has from his childhood, in hi father grocery’s store and the experience he gained in the army and combining them all together taught him that being risky can be quite fun and very profitable. Furthermore, having an idea and staying focused on the goal of making that idea an innovative creation next to realizing good opportunities and chances for a fresh venture were strengths for Gary and reason behind his success. Having the potential is about generating ventures and succeeding from scratch, the entrepreneur is innovative and inventive and knows how to develop his ideas and turn it into a success and money. Gary is self confident and multi-skilled, he didn’t focus on one field for business, and his interest was in marketing. He still remained confident when he faced of difficulties and failures and discouraging circumstances. Gary gathered in his personality the potential to be a successful entrepreneur. The risky trait, the experience, the intelligence, the initiative, the creativity, the know-how, the complete commitment and dedication to achieve his objectives. Word count: 252 ? Question 3 Innovation is spreading vey fast in the economic world. Innovation permits nations and countries to grow rapidly better than cultures that aren’t adopting innovation. Acquiring ideas of technological and innovation is actuality important for achieving organization’s competitive advantage. Everett roger has discussed the importance of customers adopting and using innovation, since customers are the most vital part of the business process. That is what the purchasing pathway network that includes several stages of introducing the products until the consumer purchase them . The purchasing network perspective got great interest from different business people, among managers, consultants, and decision makers are aiming to promote the innovative capability for organizations. Firstly innovators asses what is needed and wanted under the competitive pressure and the need to produce different products. After that it comes releasing the product, making the ads for it to attract new customers and position the image of the product in the mind of customers to make them move and buy the product. Mankin, E 2007] People are divided into several levels of innovation adoption , some of them are innovators who like to purchase the product first, and then comes the later adopters who wait for another people to try the product before them because they fear it will not satisfy them for example purchasing an iphone The purchasing pathway network is greatly advised for organization or firms when designing a project since the innovator need to know that people’s percep tion of the innovative product differ where there is a crucial need to identify different users adoption behavior. Word count: 255 Question 4 The six markets model illustrates the view of where the marketing of goods can be applied. The six domains appearing above are the ones that organizations direct their marketing strategies by. Those markets are: the referral market where the organization has good communication links with some experts and professionals in business world who can recommend others regarding purchasing products and other decisions. The supplier markets, recruitments markets, influence markets and internal markets or employees. For example The Word of mouth communication can be recognized as a valuable method in the marketing mix. Each of these interactions must be managed with a strategic plan. Gary’s marketing activities were shown firstly when he marketed the powder soap from the supplier market and offered them for people he already met (referral market) and he succeeding in making the deal . Then he used the mail-order business and published an ad in the newspaper, and customers saw the ad and were attracted by it (customer market). He introduced also new products in national trade fairs also considered as customers market. He has set up a billboard next to his house that declared the image and the marketing intelligence he had. Big companies and executives were attired by the billboard and became known among businessmen. Moreover, Gary has published two books that showed his knowing in promoting his experiences and stories to his students( internal markets). SO we can see that Gary has used the whole framework of the six markets in his business life. That helped him becoming successful and a winner in the entrepreneurship and marketing world. Word count: 263 ? References Davison, ED 2008, ‘Social Entrepreneurship’, Social Entrepreneurship — Research Starters Business, p. 1, Research Starters – Business, EBSCOhost, viewed 7 May 2012. Mankin, E 2007, ‘Measuring Innovation Performance’, Research Technology Management, 50, 6, pp. 5-7, Research Starters – Business, EBSCOhost, viewed 7 May 2012. Tetteh, VA 2008, ‘Entrepreneurship Business Planning’, Entrepreneurship Business Planning — Research Starters Business, p. 1, Research Starters – Business, EBSCOhost, viewed 7 May 2012. How to cite Tma B322, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Video Game Review Bloodborne Essay Example

Video Game Review Bloodborne Essay My favourite game from the Souls-Bourne series is Bloodborne. It was created by Hidetaka Miyazaki who oversaw the full development of the game and was the one behind a lot of its ideas. It was a difficult undertaking for Miyazaki given From-Software had not made a complete title game in a style like this before. It is a game with, Victorian gothic architecture and clothing for all the locations. The game features your character coming to a city that has been affected by a blood plague that has begun to turn the inhabitants of the city into mindless were-wolves. The people of this land have used blood to heal but also to strengthen warriors who would fight the beasts. That is the story the opening cut-scene tells you. The From-Software games have always had a unique way of storytelling.The lore of the world is hidden in the descriptions of different weapons and outfits as the story we are given is just a small part of the world. Although It seems that it is just a typical story of a hero who journeys to a land and saves everyone he meets, but that is truly not the case with this game. The story has more layers to it than what is first thought to have had as it begins to show that there is a growing presence of the Great Ones, the Lovecraftian beings that remain a threat for a lot of the game until you finally defeat one. We will write a custom essay sample on Video Game Review Bloodborne specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Video Game Review Bloodborne specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Video Game Review Bloodborne specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The main strategy of the game is the combat system used to fight the Great Ones. It has always been the combat system that could make or break a game. Thankfully Bloodborne has an excellent combat system that differs quite a bit from their other titles as the pace is much faster in this game. Unlike other Souls-Bourne titles instead of holding a large array of weapons, the game sticks to a close and tight knit selection of twenty-six trick weapons that have an ability to change in some way. Take the Saw Clever for example it changes from a close-range weapon with diagonal slashes to a mid-range blade that solely hi

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Albert Einstein2 essays

Albert Einstein2 essays Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm. He was raised in Munich, where his family owned a small electrical machinery shop. Though he did not even begin to speak until he was three, he showed a great curiosity of nature and even taught himself Euclidean geometry at the age of 12. Albert despised school life, thinking it dull and boring, so when his family decided to move to Milan, Italy, Einstein took the opportunity to drop out of school, only 15 at the time. After a year with his parents in Milan it became clear to him that he would have to make his own way in the world. He finished secondary school in Arrau, Switzerland, and then enrolled at the Swiss National Polytechnic in Zurich. School there was no less exciting for him than it was before, and Einstein often cut classes, using the time to study physics on his own or practice on his violin. He graduated in 1900, but his professors did not think very highly of him and would not recommend him for a university job . Einstein worked for two years as a tutor and substitute teacher until in 1902 he found a position as an examiner in the Swiss patent office in Bern. In 1903 he married a fellow classmate at the polytechnic, Mileva Maric. They later divorced after having two sons, and Einstein remarried. Though Albert had written other papers, the one he became most famous for was called, On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies, which explained a theory that became known as the special theory of relativity. This was Einsteins third major paper to date, and was published in 1905. Natural philosophers had been trying to understand the nature of matter and radiation since the time of Sir Isaac Newton. Einstein had been considering the problem for over ten years when he realized that lay not in a theory of matter but one of measurement. The crux of his special theory or relativity was that all measurements of time and space depe ...

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

How to Use the Irregular French Verb Recevoir

How to Use the Irregular French Verb Recevoir The French verb recevoir (pronounced ruh-say-vwah) is one of the more challenging to learn because its highly irregular once you get into the past tense and other conjugations. Translated as to receive or to get, this verb is so irregular that it doesnt fit in any pattern.   Usage Recevoir is whats commonly known in French as an irregular ir- verb. These verbs dont follow the regular patterns of conjugation, so students have to memorize them individually. Other ir- verbs include:  asseoir, courir, devoir, falloir, mourir, pleuvoir, pouvoir, recevoir, savoir, tenir, valoir, venir, voir  and  vouloir. Verbs that end in -cevoir are conjugated the same way. These include: apercevoir   to catch sight of, to foreseeconcevoir  Ã‚  to conceivedà ©cevoir  Ã‚  to disappointpercevoir  Ã‚  to perceiverecevoir  Ã‚  to receive Uses and Expressions The table below includes only simple conjugations of the irregular French -ir verb recevoir. It does not include compound tenses, which include a form of the auxiliary verb avoir and the past participle. recevoir une salaire to get paidrecevoir un prix to be awarded a prize / to be given a prize or awardrecevoir un cadeau to get / receive / be given a giftrecevoir  courrier /  coup de tà ©là ©phone to get mail /  to get a telephone callVeuillez recevoir, Madame, lexpression de mes sentiments les meilleurs  ou  mes salutations distinguà ©es Yours sincerelyrecevoir un coup sur la tà ªte to receive a blow to the headrecevoir  quelquun dà ®ner   to invite someone to dinnerJai à ©tà © mal reà §u. I was made to feel unwelcome.La maison peut recevoir six personnes. The house sleeps six people.Le mà ©decin reà §oit/ne reà §oit pas aujourdhui. The doctor is / isnt seeing patients faire recevoir   to get told offJe nai de conseils recevoir de personne  ! I dont have to take advice from anybody!Elle sait merveilleusement recevoir. Shes a marvelous hostess. / Shes marvelous at entertaining. Simple Conjugations of the Irregular French -ir Verb Recevoir Present Future Imperfect Present Participle je reois recevrai recevais recevant tu reois recevras recevais il reoit recevra recevait nous recevons recevrons recevions vous recevez recevrez receviez ils reoivent recevront recevaient    Pass compos Auxiliary verb avoir Past participle reu Subjunctive Conditional Pass simple Imperfect subjunctive je reoive recevrais reus reusse tu reoives recevrais reus reusses il reoive recevrait reut rect nous recevions recevrions remes reussions vous receviez recevriez retes reussiez ils reoivent recevraient reurent reussent Imperative (tu) reois (nous) recevons (vous) recevez

Sunday, February 16, 2020

To What Extent Were Women Victims of National Socialism Essay

To What Extent Were Women Victims of National Socialism - Essay Example The era is also criticised and condemned for confining the role of the women from social, economic and corporate fields to the four walls of their houses, where they were meant to conceive the children of this superior German race, and to serve and soothe their husbands on their return from the jobs and battlefields as well. Kolingsky (1993) submits to state that the woman under Nazi Germany had been assigned the only task of sustaining and maintaining their beauty in order to attract their husbands or lovers for conceiving children. It was not a novel thing for the females, as â€Å"the female bird preens herself for the male, and hatches the egg for him. In return, the male provides the food.† Before embarking upon the topic under analysis, it would be advisable to look into the history of inclusion and exclusion of women in professional activities outside their homes. German Women 1871—1933: The disintegrated Prussian states had launched a long and dedicated struggle in order to turn the dream of united Germany into reality. They had to win three successive battles against Denmark, Austria-Hungary, and France in 1864, 1866 and 1871 respectively in order to accomplish the arduous unification process of the shattered Prussian states under one banner and in one unit. German Iron-Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) was determined to make his country as the leader of the world in all aspects. Consequently, he assured the active participation of men and women in various occupations. Bismarck had played the decisive role in the upsurge of the German nation, and Kaiser Wilhelm II turned the country into a tremendous military and economic giant of the entire region for the future years to come. He did not confine the flow of progress to men only; on the contrary, he invited women folk too to step forwards and render their valuable contributions to their nation on the basis of their educational qualifications, experiences, and skills. As a result, w omen started working shoulder to shoulder with the male folk in the health, education and nursing sectors, and even military services of the country too. Imperial Germany, under the Reichstag, promoted an active female role as teachers, nurses, soldiers and political activists (Mahajan, 2002). Although the courageous and dauntless political and strategic policies devised by the then German leadership during 1871 to 1914 turned the country into a marvellous state of Europe, and invited and included all strata of society, including men, women, young and old into nation-building programmes, yet the entire developments made by the political leadership in order to make Germany as unchallenged created rivalries against the constantly rising economy. However, rapid industrialization also invited the high crime rate, urbanization and prostitution etc in its wake. The disquiet caused by these factors was simultaneously exacerbated in Germany by the increasingly vociferous demands of the Germ an women’s movement which emerged most strongly at the turn of the century. (Rowe, 1995)